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СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ МОНОГРАФИИ

Азаренко Сергей Александрович, профессор, доктор философских наук, профессор кафедры социальной философии, Уральский федераль­ный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Ека­теринбург).

E-mail: sergey_azarenko@mail.ru.

Анкин Дмитрий Владимирович, профессор, доктор философских наук, профессор кафедры онтологии и теории познания, Уральский феде­ральный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Екатеринбург). E-mail: dmitryankin@gmail.ru.

Бакеева Елена Васильевна, профессор, доктор философских наук, профес­сор кафедры онтологии и теории познания, Уральский федеральный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Екате­ринбург). E-mail: elenabk2008@ya.ru.

Бряник Надежда Васильевна, профессор, доктор философских наук, про­фессор кафедры онтологии и теории познания, Уральский федераль­ный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Ека­теринбург). E-mail: vastas07@mail.ru.

Ершов Юрий Геннадьевич, профессор, доктор философских наук, заведу­ющий кафедрой философии и политологии, Уральский институт управления РАНХ и ГС при Президенте РФ (Екатеринбург). E-mail: yuri-ekb@mail.ru.

Кемеров Вячеслав Евгеньевич, профессор, доктор философских наук, про­фессор кафедры социальной философии, руководитель ведущей научной школы, Уральский федеральный университет им. перво­го Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Екатеринбург). E-mail: kem- erov1444@yandex.ru.

Кузубова Тамара Сергеевна, профессор, доктор философских наук, про­фессор кафедры философии, Уральский федеральный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина (Екатеринбург). E-mail: tamara.kuzubova@mail.ru.

Лобовиков Владимир Олегович, профессор, доктор философских наук, главный научный сотрудник отдела права Института философии и права УрО РАН (Екатеринбург). E-mail: vlobovikov@mail.ru.

SUMMARY

SOCIAL ONTOLOGY AND TOPOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY

Azarenko S.

A., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Social Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstmct. The article is devoted to the topological philosophy. The process of re­production of conjointness occurs during the regular bodily interaction between people through certain social practices, due to which there is generated a certain message, that attaches people to its community with certain ideas and values. In modern times, has led to the realization of such a thing as being-in-communi - cation. The individual or the community - is plurality, the existence of which is subject to self-reproducing and self-organizing mechanisms of communication. The article shows the Russian topology. Based on Deland’s “ascending ontol­ogy”, we prove the requirement to consistently collect “unorganized” Russian spaces in a topological way according to the scheme: “individuals - houses - institutions - cities - state”.

Keywords: conjointness, bodiness, social communication, social topology, signs, symbols, being-in-communication, self-generation logic.

ABSTRACT, CRITICISM, NECESSITY

Ankin D. V., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstmct. The monograph deals with the nature of philosophy. The first chapter is about abstract thinking, which lies at the basis of scientific knowledge and philosophy.

In the second chapter, the topic of critical thinking is raised. Deviations from the canons of critical thinking are also considered. The nature of the theory is analyzed, a distinction is made between theory and art work.

The third chapter explores the modal categories of the necessity and the pos­sibility in relation to philosophy, as well as to such sciences as logic and math­ematics. These categories are analyzed in the context of the a priori problem.

Keywords: abstract thinking, critical thinking, nature of philosophy, informal a priori, nature of theory, necessity and possibility.

PHILOSOPHY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE

Bakeeva E. V., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstract. The present study deals with conditions of treating philosophy as a practice of a specific kind, carried out in the absence of theoretical (concep­tual) basis. Two strategies of treating philosophy as a practice, pointed out in “Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus” (Treatise on Logic and Philosophy) by L. Witt­genstein, are analyzed in view of the issue presented. Thesis is set forth and substantiated that the strategies are interconnected through complementation.

Keywords: philosophy as a practice, the self, boundary, knowledge, the world, plurality, event.

THE STRUCTURAL CONCEPTION OF SCIENCE

Bryanik N. V., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstract. The paper substantiates the presence of structuralism not only as a particular methodology, but also as a philosophical conception of science. The distinctive features of the structuralist conception of science, uniting “Rus­sian formalism” of the 10-20's, the Prague linguistic circle of the 20-40's and French structuralism of the 50-60's, are revealed. The distinctive features of this conception are: modelling of the object of study as a sign system, building the ontology of language and the humanitarian picture of the world.

Keywords: structuralism, formalism, methodology/ conception, structure/form, language /sign system.

RUSSIAN IDEA AS AN IDEOLOGY AND UTOPIA

Ershov Yu. G., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Head of the Chair of Phi­losophy and Political science, Ekaterinburg

Abstmct. The text States the situation of a protracted spiritual, moral, political and ideological crisis of the modern Russian state and society.

The national idea is considered as a means of achieving identity and spiritual legitimacy of state power; its characteristic features and socio-cultural functions are analyzed. On the basis of the analysis of the Russian literature different approaches and concepts of the Russian idea are distinguished. Special attention is paid to the interpretation of the Russian idea as the ideology and mythology of the tradi­tional society resisting modernization.

Keywords: ideology, national idea, Russian idea, state, mythology, moderniza­tion.

SOCIAL LIFE AS A PROCESS AND THE DYNAMIC OF PHILOSOPHY

Kemerov V. Ye., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Social Philoso­phy, the Head of leading scientific school, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstmct. In the twentieth century the philosophy gradually passes from un­derstanding of public history as structures to its treatment as process. There are problems of attitudes between sociology and history, macro-social and micro-social approaches, between social adaptation and social construc­tivism.

In given clause we shall mention only one aspect of a problem. Namely: as in the logic of the social process the understanding discrete and continual existence of people are changing and as their isolation and connectivity define preservation of a stream of social life varies.

Keywords: social life as a process social structure, dynamic of social life; interaction of human individuals; macro / micro-social; dynamic of Phi­losophy.

FROM “PRACTICE OF LIFE” TO THE “INVENTING” REASON: DILTHEY, HEIDEGGER, NIETZSCHE

Kuzubova T. S., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First Pres­ident of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

Abstract. The versions of the appeal of non-classical European philosophy to the “practice of life” as the source of structures of theoretical reason are discussed.

Dilthey explores the possibility of transition from the “life interrelation” to the categories of humanities. Heidegger’s analytics of “actual life” is developed in the ontology of understanding, the projective nature of which acts as a condi­tion of the possibility of any cognition. Nietzsche’s thesis about the “inventing” reason as a schematization of chaos the “late” Heidegger interprets in the light of the “turn” of his philosophy towards being.

Keywords: non classic European philosophy, humanities, daily existence, experi­ence, vital interrelation, understanding, factuality hermeneutics, chaos, practice of life, the inventing reason.

ALGEBRA OF FORMAL AXIOLOGY AS A DISCRETE MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF PHILOSOPHY: Foundations for Constructing a Metaphysical Subsystem of Artificial Intelligence of Autonomous Cognitive Robot

Lobovikov V. О., Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor Institute of Philosophy and Law of Ural Branch of RAS, Ekaterinburg

Abstract. The object of investigation - philosophical foundations of/forcon- structing a metaphysical subsystem of artificial intelligence of relatively autono­mous cognizing robot. The subject-matter of investigation - a formal-axiological aspect of the indicated object. The method - discrete mathematical modeling philosophy systems. The scientific novelty: for the first time in world philosophy literature, a proper algebraic aspect of the problem of systematizing categories and principles of dialectical materialism has been extracted (focused at) and investigated.

Keywords: discrete-mathematical-model-of-philosophy; algebra-of-formal-ax- iology; metaphysical-subsystem-of-artificial-intelligence; relatively-autono- mous-cognitive-robot.

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Источник: На философских перекрестках: коллективная научная мо­нография [С. А. Азаренко, Д. В. Анкин, Е. В. Бакеева, Н. В. Бряник, Ю. Г. Ершов, В. Е. Кемеров, Т. С. Кузубова, В. О. Лобовиков] / Урал. федер. ун-т им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина, Урал. гум. ин-т, Департамент философии. - М.: Академический проект; Екате­ринбург: Деловая книга,2019. - 292 с.. 2019

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