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IV.

Chapter IV. THE STRUCTURAL CONCEPTION OF SCIENCE

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N. V. Bryanik

Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

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Abstract. The chapter substantiates the presence of structuralism not only as a particular methodology, but also as a philosophical conception of science. The distinctive features of the structuralist conception of science, uniting Russian formalism of the 10-20's, the Prague linguistic circle of the 20-40's and French structuralism of the 50-60's, are revealed. The distinctive features of this conception are: modelling of the object of study as a sign system, building the ontology of language and the humanitarian picture of the world.

Keywords: structuralism, formalism, methodology/conception, structure/form, language/ sign system.

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