<<
>>

II. , ,

Chapter II. ABSTRACT, CRITICISM, NECESSITY

. .

D. V. Ankin

, .

. . ,

Doctor of Philosophy, Full Professor, Chair of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

. . , . . . , . , . .

: , , , a priori, , .

Abstract. The chapter deals with the nature of philosophy. The first part is about abstract thinking, which lies at the basis of scientific knowledge and philosophy. In the second part, the topic of critical thinking is raised. Deviations from the canons of critical thinking are also considered. The nature of the theory is analyzed, a distinction is made between theory and art work. The third part explores the modal categories of the necessity and the possibility in relation to philosophy, as well as to such sciences as logic and mathematics. These categories are analyzed in the context of the a priori problem.

Keywords: abstract thinking, critical thinking, nature of philosophy, informal a priori, nature of theory, necessity and possibility.

I.

<< | >>
: : [. . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , . . ] / . . - . . . , . . -, . - .: ; : ,2019. - 292 .. 2019

II. , , :

  1. 1.
  2. 3.
  3. 1.
  4. 3.
  5. 4.
  6. 1.
  7. 1. ..
  8. 2. ..
  9. 2. :
  10. I.
- - -
- - , - - - - - - - - - - - -